The lands of Turkey are located at a point where the three continents making up the old world, Asia, Africa and Europe are closest to each other, and straddle the point where Europe and Asia meet. More on Go Turkey.
Sunset in Istanbul… “There God and man along with nature and art created something of magnificent beauty worth to see” says Lamartine when narrating the city as the junction point between Asia and Europe.
REGIONS OF TURKEY
Hills of various sizes, fields of sunflowers and vineyards as far as the eye can see. The region separated into two by Bosphorus, The Sea of Marmara and the Dardanelles. A traveler from Europe on his/her arrival to Edirne first encounters the masterpiece of Mimar Sinan, Selimiye Mosque. >> More
It will be out of exaggeration to depict Anatolia presenting its utmost spectacles to Aegean coasts. As to Heredot’s statement “Embracing the most beautiful sky and mildest climate of the world” gulfs and peninsulas, coves and golden beaches line up one after the other among the Aegean coast. >> More
Beginning from the south of splendid Toros Mountains lies the Mediterranean coast with beautiful sceneries, sandy beaches, secluded coves, tranquil ruin places and attractive holiday facilities. >> More
BLACK SEA Region
Coasts curling besides mountains covered with very green forests, valleys and plains. Fields of tea, hazelnut, tobacco and corn, highway parallel to narrow coastline, coves, villages and beaches. >> More
CENTRAL ANATOLIAN Region
Being at the center of Turkey, Central Anatolian Region embodies assorted beauties. Having been witness to the transitions of important civilizations, today the region is the political center of Turkey. >> More
EAST AND SOUTHEAST ANATOLIAN Region
Its high mountain ranges, valleys, plains and lakes ,streams and riverbeds integrated with colors of purple, brown, gray, yellow and red ,and adorned with the unique architectural samples of Turkish culture, East and Southeast Anatolian Region bring to the sight pleasurable panoramic views. >> More
NATIONAL HOLIDAYS OF TURKEY
April 23 National Sovereignty and Children’s Day
April 23 is “National Independence and Children’s Day”. On this date in 1920 the Turkish Grand National Assembly was established in Ankara by Mustafa Kemal. As this was the written record of the transition from a religious community to a nation, this date was accepted as a national holiday. From 1929 onward it was declared as the first Children’s Day in the World by Kemal Ataturk, as he acknowledged the importance of children for the futures of nations.
May 19 Commemoration Of Youth and Sports Day
On this date in 1919, Mustafa Kemal set foot on Anatolia at the Black Sea port of Samsun which marks the beginning of his organizing the nationalist forces before the Independence War.
August 30 Victory Day
On this date in 1922, the fifth day of the big attack against the Greeks, the Dumlupinar Battle under the command of Mustafa Kemal was won and determined the result of the Independence War. This big attack ended in Izmir with the defeat of the Greeks on September 9.
October 29 Republic Day
October 29 is “Republic Day”. The Republic of Turkey was proclaimed by the Turkish Grand National Assembly in 1923.
There are two religious holidays or feasts, the first is Seker Bayrami (3 days) which comes immediately after 30 days of fasting in the Ramadan and the second is Kurban Bayrami (4 days) which follows 70 days after Seker Bayrami. In Turkish, Bayram is “feast” or “holiday”, seker is “sweets” and kurban is a “sacrifice”. The dates of religious holidays come 10 days earlier each year because of the difference between the Lunar Year (354 days) and the Solar Year (365 days). People make lots of preparations in celebration of these feasts like cleaning houses, shopping, buying feast gifts, new clothes, sending greeting cards and so forth. On the first day of the feast, very early in the morning, people get up, wash themselves, wear fragrance or cologne and put on their new clothes. The majority of the male population go to mosques for the early morning prayer which is extremely important. School aged children are also taken to mosques by their fathers or older relatives in order to make them acquire the habit of going to prayers. So many people go to mosques that they do not fit inside or even in the courtyard. When this is the case, they take small carpets from home to mosques, put them in the streets near the mosque and join in with the service. The Imams give sermons as this is an opportunity to preach to so many people together. The dominant subject these days is peace, and they always try to encourage brotherhood and general goodwill among all. After prayers in the mosque everybody gives feast greeting to each other by shaking hands. The next stage is at home where feast greetings continue. In the traditional extended families these greetings do not take too much time as all members are at the same place. But in nuclear families it might take a much longer time. Couples with their children visit their parents or grandparents, give gifts, kiss their hands, and they eat candies or chocolates. Children are pleased as they are given some pocket money in addition to candies. Kurban Bayrami is the same as Seker Bayrami except the additional sacrifice as the name of the feast bears. The sacrificial animal, a ram, a goat or any of the cattle will be made ready to sacrifice and from the first morning onward, at anytime, will be sacrificed by one of the members of the family or somebody who represents him. The meat from the sacrificed animal is divided into three parts; one for the poor, one for the neighbors and relatives and the last is for the family. People can also make a donation to the same value of a sacrifice to a charity instead of doing it themselves.
ATATURK: The Founder Of Modern Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Turkish Republic and its first President, stands as a towering figure of the 20th Century. Among the great leaders of history, few have achieved so much in so short a period, transformed the life of a nation as decisively, and given such profound inspiration to the world at large. >> More
“There are two Mustafa Kemals. One the flesh-and-blood Mustafa Kemal who now stands before you and who will pass away; the other is you, all of you here who will go to the far corners of our land to spread the ideals which must be defended with your lives if necessary. I stand for the nation’s dreams, and my life’s work is to make them come true.”
He was born in 1881. >> More
News At The Time Of Ataturk’s Death
ISTANBUL, Turkey, Nov. 10- Kemal Ataturk, President and creator of modern Turkey, died today at Dolma Baghche Palace at the age of 58. He had survived thirteen wounds received in battle and a number of assassination attempts, but succumbed to cirrhosis of the liver.